Comparison of methods for the assessment of locomotor activity in rodent safety pharmacology studies

 General neurobehavioral assays, like a modified Irwin test or a functional observational battery, are necessary for central nervous system (CNS) safety pharmacology testing near the end of the target validation (early discovery) stage of preclinical drug development. However, at earlier stages, when a greater number of test compounds must be screened for potential CNS side effects, locomotor activity assessment may be a better tool for the comparison of compounds.